Shell Oil Firm
Shell Oil Company is the United States-based mostly wholly owned subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell, a multinational “oil main” of Anglo-Dutch origins, which is amongst the largest oil corporations on the planet. Approximately 22,000 Shell staff are primarily based within the U.S. The U.S. head workplace is in Houston, Texas. Shell Oil Company, together with its consolidated firms and its share in fairness corporations, is certainly one of America’s largest oil and natural gasoline producers, natural gasoline marketers, gasoline entrepreneurs and petrochemical manufacturers.
Shell is the market leader through roughly 25,000 Shell-branded gasoline stations within the U.S. which also function Shell’s most seen public presence. At its fuel stations Shell gives diesel gas, gasoline and LPG. Shell Oil Company was a 50/50 accomplice with the Saudi Arabian government-owned oil firm Saudi Aramco in Motiva Enterprises, a refining and marketing joint enterprise which owns and operates three oil refineries on the Gulf Coast of the United States. Nonetheless, Shell is at present divesting its curiosity in Motiva.
Shell products embrace oils, fuels, and automobile services as well as exploration, manufacturing, and refining of petroleum products. The Shell Oil Refinery in Martinez, California, the primary Shell refinery within the United States, supplies Shell and Texaco stations in the West and Midwest.
Shell gasolines beforehand included the RU2000 and SU2000 lines (later there was a SU2000E) but they’ve been superseded by the V-Energy line.
In 1997, Shell and Texaco entered into two refining/advertising and marketing joint ventures. One combined their Midwestern and Western operations and was often known as Equilon. The opposite, generally known as Motiva, combined the Eastern and Gulf Coast operations of Shell Oil and Star Enterprise, itself a joint venture between Saudi Aramco and Texaco. After Texaco merged with Chevron in 2001, Shell bought Texaco’s shares oil refining documentary in the joint ventures.[Eight] In 2002, Shell started converting these Texaco stations to the Shell brand, a process that was to be accomplished by June 2004 and was referred to as “the largest retail re-branding initiative in American enterprise history.”. Within the yr 2016, Shell Nederland Raffinaderij BV (Shell Pernis) stated that it has began a new aromatics unit at the large Pernis refinery in Rotterdam, Netherlands.
Lately The Shell Oil Firm’s Midstream, and Downstream, specifically, have turn into restricted to petroleum, and chemical products. This has come because of Royal Dutch Shell breaking off its Natural Gasoline and power businesses in to a new section named Integrated Gasoline. The Shell Oil Company’s former Pure Fuel, and power divisions are actually Shell Vitality North America, a intently integrated, however distinctive entity that runs throughout North America and is headquartered out of Houston.[Eleven]
1 Relationship with Royal Dutch Shell
3 Legal points 3.1 Environmental
three.2 Polybutylene lawsuit
Relationship with Royal Dutch Shell
Till the mid-1980s Shell’s enterprise in the United States was considerably impartial. Restricted direct involvement from the primary office within the Hague, Netherlands and having its inventory “Shell Oil” traded on the brand new York Inventory Trade have been elements. Nonetheless, in 1984, Royal Dutch Shell made a bid to purchase those shares of Shell Oil Firm it did not own (around 30%) and regardless of some opposition from some minority shareholders which led to a courtroom case, Shell completed the buyout for a sum of $5.7 billion.
Despite the acquisition, however, Shell Oil remained a reasonably independent enterprise. This was due in part to advanced legal reasons as oil refining documentary Royal Dutch Shell feared that there may very well be onerous legal responsibility issues if a more in-depth control of Shell Oil’s affairs was exercised by the “mum or dad company.” One consequence of this independence was that the Shell logo used within the U.S. was barely different from that used in the rest of the world. In the 1980s Shell Oil’s independence started to step by step erode as the “guardian firm” took a more hands-on method in running the enterprise. The emblem used within the United States is similar as that used elsewhere since June 1, 1998.[Thirteen]
Aera Power —joint enterprise with ExxonMobil working in California.
Motiva Enterprises —joint venture with Saudi Refining. Presently being divested, with the second quarter of 2017 being the official date.
Shell Development Emeryville —research facility that operated from 1928-1966 in California.
Shell Puget Sound Refinery, Anacortes, Washington, was fined $291,000 from 2006 to 2010 for violations of the Clear Air Act making it the second most-fined violator in the Pacific Northwest. As of 2011[replace], it was listed as “excessive precedence violator” since 2008.
In 2008, a lawsuit was filed against Shell Oil Firm for alleged Clear Air Act violation. Shell Deer Park facility, 20 miles east of Houston, was the nation’s eighth-largest oil refinery and one of the world’s largest petrochemical producers. The power was also the second largest source of air pollution in Harris County, which ranked amongst the lowest within the nation in several measures of air quality.[Information 1] According to Sierra Membership and Setting Texas, evaluation of Shell’s experiences to the Texas Fee on Environmental Quality, air pollutants launched at Deer Park since 2003 exceeded the EPA’s emissions limits.[Sixteen]
Will Oremus from Slate magazine states, “The company’s enterprise relies on being able to anticipate and reply rapidly to seismic shifts in the power market. So it employs a crew of massive-considering futurists, called scenario planners, to maintain it a step ahead. In 2008 the corporate launched a contemporary pair of scenarios for a way the world would possibly reply to local weather change over the approaching decades. Both had been predicated on what the corporate known as ‘three onerous truths’: that world vitality demand is rising, that the provision of typical vitality won’t have the ability to sustain, and that climate change is both real and dangerous.” 
Between 1978 and 1995, Shell Oil produced polybutylene pipes, which corrode when exposed to chlorine. A class motion lawsuit was filed in 1995 against Shell Oil when the polybutylene pipes induced flooding in lots of households in the U.S. and Canada. The settlement required Shell Oil to pay for the re-set up of piping for hundreds of thousands of homes for claims filed by May 2009.
United States portal
Pennsylvania Shell ethylene cracker plant
Fred Meissner, Shell Laboratories, Petroleum Explorationist, Professor Colorado Faculty of Mines
M. King Hubbert, Shell Laboratories, Petroleum Geologist, created the Hubbert peak theory model of oil depletion
– Grant Spheres 
^ Donovan, John. “Reporter”. ABC News. Royal Dutch Shell. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
^ “Namesake tenant departing One Shell Plaza”. September 20, 2016. Retrieved April 29, 2017.
^ “Income and Monetary Experiences”. www.vault.com.
^ “Shell expects to split Motiva assets with Saudi Aramco within the second-quarter”. Reuters. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
^ “Services and products”. Shell Oil Firm. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
^ “About Shell Martinez Refinery”. Shell Oil Firm. Retrieved August 27, 2016.
^ Holusha, John (April 12, 1990). “Shell Provides a new Gasoline In 10 Cities to help Air Quality”. The new York Instances. Retrieved Might 23, 2010.
^ “Features of the Refining/Marketing Joint Ventures of Shell Oil, Star Enterprises, and Texaco”. U.S. Energy Info Administration. July 23, 2001. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
^ “Shell to brand new U.S. gas stations”. Houston Business Journal. bizjournals.com. February eight, 2002.
^ “Trust Your Car to the Man who Wears the… Shell”. WCCB-Tv. Might eight, 2002. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
^ “Shell begins new aromatics unit in Netherlands”. /www.worldofchemicals.com. September 17, 2016. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
^ “Annual Report and Kind 20-F 2016”. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
^ Thomas C. Hayes (December thirteen, 1990). “Shell Oil Shareholders Awarded $110 Million”. The new York Instances. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
^ Tyler Priest (2007). The Offshore Crucial: Shell Oil’s Search for Petroleum in Postwar America. Texas A&M University Press. p. 272. ISBN 978-1-58544-568-four.
^ Robert McClure and Lisa Stiffler (November 7, 2011). “EPA’s ‘Excessive Precedence Violators’ Scattered Across the Northwest”. NPR. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
^ Hsu, Nelson. “Poisoned Locations Map”. NPR. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
^ Seba, Erwin (April 23, 2009). “Shell agrees to settle TX refinery pollution swimsuit”. Reuters. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
^ Wynne, Robert. “The general public Relations Debate About International Warming Heats Up”.
^ “$20 million Settlement Announced in class Motion with Shell” (PDF) (Press release). Siskinds Regulation Firm. June eleven, 2004. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
^ “Shell, Hoechst Comply with Pay $850 Million”. Los Angeles Occasions. October 4, 2005. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
Works by Shell Union Oil Company at Project Gutenberg
Works by Shell Union Oil Company at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
Asiatic Petroleum Firm
Shell Gas & Energy
Shell Oil Firm
Mexican Eagle Petroleum Firm
Shell-Mex and BP
M. King Hubbert
Jeroen van der Veer
Asiatic Petroleum Building
Montreal East Refinery
proposed oil refining documentary Pittsburgh ethane cracker plant
Rocky Mountain Arsenal
Shell Centre (Calgary)
Shell Development Emeryville
Shell Mex House
One Shell Plaza
One Shell Square
Corrib gasoline controversy
Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni Individuals
Wiwa v. Royal Dutch Shell Co.