Tanzania And Mozambique
Tanzania and Mozambique are the one two gasoline producers in East Africa and have proven pure gas reserves of 230 billion cubic ft and 4.5 trillion cubic plant feet, respectively. Each nations haven’t any crude oil reserves but hold substantial fuel reserves and are anticipated to change into the region’s first exporters of liquefied natural fuel (LNG).
Gas production in Tanzania started in 2004 after gas was found within the Songo Songo, Mnazi Bay and Mkuranga gas fields. The nation doesn’t export natural gas and all the produced fuel is locally oil and natural gas in kansas consumed. On the other hand, Mozambique exports a major portion of the produced pure gasoline to South Africa through the 535-mile Sasol Petroleum Worldwide Gas Pipeline. The remaining portion is domestically consumed. As well as, the offshore gasoline discoveries within the Rovuma basin in 2010 have supplied the impetus for the construction of 4 LNG models in the nation which might be anticipated to make Mozambique a large LNG exporter by 2018. Mozambique’s offshore Rovuma Area 1 is believed to turn into the world’s second largest LNG export site by 2018.
Each international locations have registered spectacular economic development previously 10 years. In 2012, Tanzania achieved oil and natural gas in kansas an economic growth fee of 6.9 percent while Mozambique improved on its 7.5 p.c progress price to eight.1 % within the third quarter of 2013, in line with newest World Financial institution reviews. Inflation also has declined to 9.Eight p.c in Tanzania in March 2013, whereas Mozambique attained a record low of 1.2 % in September 2012.
“Much like Uganda and Kenya are scrambling to change into the region’s first oil exporters, Tanzania and Mozambique additionally find themselves locked in a race to become East Africa’s first exporters of natural gasoline, today’s quickest growing fossil gasoline.”
Each Tanzania and Mozambique depend on imports for his or her petroleum needs and have nearly no downstream business. A 17,000 bpd topping and reforming refinery was commissioned in Tanzania in 1969. Nonetheless, the refinery operated at only 60 % of its full capability and was deemed to be uneconomical in 1995 regardless of efforts to rehabilitate the refinery since 1991. Commercial operations on the refinery ceased in 1999 and the refinery has since then been converted into a storage terminal. Mozambique additionally had a small refinery in Maputo which was mothballed in 1984 and the country imports petroleum products from South Africa. Plans of building a 350,000 bpd refinery at an estimated funding of USD 12 billion are in process.
Consumption of petroleum products in Tanzania amounted to 43,310 bpd in 2011. More moderen data point out that in October 2013 Tanzania imported 7200 bpd of petroleum merchandise that embrace diesel gasoil, gasoline, jet fuel and kerosene. Mozambique imports petroleum products principally from South Africa and the country’s consumption of petroleum products amounted to 19,580 bpd in 2011.
Production of plastic articles in Tanzania amounted to 15,383 metric tonnes in 2012, according to the Nationwide Bureau of Statistics. The variety of plastic processors in Tanzania have oil and natural gas in kansas elevated from 41 in 2009 to greater than a hundred in 2013. Notable plastic corporations in Tanzania embrace Sumaria Holdings, which owns Tanzania Plastic Industries, Simba Plastics Tanzania, Sumaria Industries and DPI Simba, Jambo Plastics, Centeza Industries and Cello Industries. Topack, Riplex and Implastic are among the many main plastics processing corporations in Mozambique.