The ten Greatest Oil Refining International locations
Port Arthur Refinery is the most important refinery within the United States.
Sinopec is the leading refining company in China.
Rosneft’s Angarsk refinery in Eastern Siberia is Russia’s largest refinery.
Japan’s refinery capability is the fourth largest in the world. Picture courtesy of isado.
Jamnagar refinery advanced in Gujarat is India’s largest oil refinery. Image courtesy of Steven Straiton.
Ulsan refinery is the most important refinery in South Korea. Image courtesy of Steven Straiton.
Eni is the biggest refiner in Italy.
Ras Tanura is the largest oil refinery in Saudi Arabia. Picture courtesy of Saudi Aramco.
Irving oil refinery is the most important oil refinery in Canada. Picture courtesy of John Bessa.
United States of America
The United States possesses the most important refinery capability on this planet with 139 working refineries as of January 2013. Its refinery capability stood at 17.38 million barrels per day at the tip of 2012, accounting for approximately 18.Eight% of the world’s whole refinery capacity. The refinery throughput of the nation throughout 2012 averaged at 15 million barrels a day (Mbd).
Texas accounts for about a quarter of the country’s refinery capability with 27 refineries operating in the state, followed by Louisiana with 19 refineries and California with 18 refineries. Port Arthur and Baytown refineries in Texas and the Garyville refinery in Louisiana are amongst the top 10 largest oil refineries on this planet.
China, with a refinery capacity of eleven.54Mbd at the tip of 2012, has the second biggest refinery capacity on the earth. China accounted for 12.5% of the world’s refinery capacity per day and registered a throughput of 9.37Mbd throughout 2012. The country’s refinery capacity is predicted to achieve 14Mbd by 2015.
Two nationwide oil firms Sinopec and CNPC/PetroChina dominate the oil refinery sector of China. Sinopec with a refinery capability of 5Mbd accounts for greater than 45% of the country’s refinery capacity, whereas CNPC/PetroChina accounts for about 31% of the country’s refinery capacity. Other state-owned firms which have recently ventured into the country’s refinery sector embody CNOOC and Sinochem.
Russia ranks third with a refinery capacity of 5.75Mbd in 2012, accounting for about 6.2% of the world’s total refinery capacity per day. Russia can also be the second largest oil producing nation after Saudi Arabia and produced 10.04 million barrels of crude oil per day in 2012. State-owned Rosneft is the most important refiner in Russia.
There were complete forty oil refineries operating in Russia at the tip of 2012. Rosneft owns and operates seven major refineries within the nation, together with the country’s biggest refinery Angarsk in Japanese Siberia, which has a refinery capacity of 385,176 barrels per day. Different main refineries operated by Rosneft are the Tuapse refinery on the Black Sea coast, the Komsomolsk refinery within the Russia’s Far East, Achinsk refinery in Jap Siberia and Kuibyshev, Novokuibyshevsk and Syzran refineries in the Volga-Urals area. LUKoil and TNK-BP have the second and third biggest refinery capacities in Russia.
Japan is the fourth biggest refiner on the planet and the second biggest in Asia. The country’s refinery capacity in 2012 stood at four.25Mbd accounting for about 4.6% of the world’s whole refinery capacity. Japan is the third largest net importer of oil on this planet. The country’s refinery throughput throughout 2012 averaged at 3.4Mbd.
Japan has 25 operating refineries following the shutdown of six refineries with 1.4Mbd capacity due to the earthquake in north-japanese Japan in March 2011, which led to a surge in imports of refined merchandise. JX Nippon which operates seven refineries with a complete refinery capability of 1.6Mbd is the biggest oil refinery company in Japan. Idemitsu Kosan, Cosmo Oil and TonenGeneral Sekiyu are the other main refinery operators within the country. Kawasaki, Negishi Yokahama and Chiba are amongst the biggest refineries within the nation.
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India holds the world’s fifth biggest refinery capacity with 4.1Mbd in 2012, claiming four.Four% of the global refinery capability per day. It is the fourth biggest client of oil after the US, China and Japan, and imports most of its crude oil from the Middle East. India produced 894,000 barrels of crude oil per day in 2012.
The country has 21 refining facilities, most of which owned and operated by public sector firms. Personal firms reminiscent of Reliance and Essar function the country’s largest refineries. The Reliance-operated Jamnagar refinery complex in Gujarat with a capability of 1.24Mbd is the world’s biggest refinery. The Essar-operated Vadinar refinery, also located in the Jamnagar district of Gujarat, has refinery capacity of 405,000 barrels a day.
South Korea, with 2.88Mbd capability at the end of 2012, has the sixth largest refinery capability, accounting for three.1% of the world’s total refinery capacity per day. South Korea is one of the biggest oil importers in the world and has imported nymex crude oil expiry 2.2Mbd of crude oil in 2011 with about eighty five% coming from the Center East.
The country had six main refineries operating by the tip of 2012. The Ulsan refinery, operated by SK Innovation, with a capacity of 840,000 barrels per day, is the largest refinery in the country. The Yeosu refinery, owned by GS Caltex, ranks second with a refinery capacity of 760,000 barrels per day. S-Oil’s Onsan refinery has a capability of 565,000 barrels per day.
Italy ranks seventh with a refinery capability of 2.2Mbd and16 operational crude refineries at the top of 2012. The nation produced 155,000 barrels of crude oil per day throughout the same 12 months. It closely relies on oil imports for its energy needs – Libya, Azerbaijan, Saudi Arabia and Russia being the main suppliers.
Eni is the leading refining firm in Italy and operates 5 wholly-owned refineries within the nation, particularly Sannazzaro, Livorno, Porto Marghera, Taranto and Gela. The 190,000 barrels per day capability Sannazzaro refinery situated within the Turin-Milan-Genoa industrial triangle makes it the most important. The fifty two,000 barrels per day Mantova refinery owned by MOL Hungarian Oil and Gas was closed in the direction of the top of 2013.
Saudi Arabia, the biggest oil producer and exporter, has the eighth greatest refinery capability on the planet. The Center Japanese nation had a refinery capability of two.12Mbd in 2012, produced greater than 13% of the world’s complete crude oil manufacturing and accounted for two.3% of the world’s complete refinery capability per day in 2012.
The country had seven refineries initially of 2013. State-owned Saudi Aramco accounted for barely more than 50% of the country’s refinery capability. The Ras Tanura refinery, with a capability of 550,000 barrels per day, is the largest refinery in the nation and the ninth greatest on the planet. The brand new 400,000 barrels per day SATORP refinery in Jubail, constructed and operated by a joint venture between Whole and Saudi Aramco, started operations in the second half of 2013.
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Germany has the world’s ninth biggest refinery capability at 2.09Mbd in 2012. Germany is considered one of the most important oil importing country on this planet with its annual oil imports accounting for greater than 95% of its oil consumption. Germany can be the third biggest refiner in Europe, after Russia and Italy.
Germany at the moment has 14 refineries and is dwelling to plenty of worldwide refining companies. Hydrorefining Process Equipment Shell Deutschland Oil is the largest refiner within the country, holding more than quarter of the country’s refinery capability. Different major refinery operators in the nation embody BP Europa, ConocoPhillips Germany, Complete Deutschland and Ruhr Oel, a joint venture of BP and Rosneft. Shell Deutschland’s Rheinland refinery in Godorf, Wesseling, is the largest refinery within the country with a capacity of 321,000 barrels per day.
Canada’s 2.06Mbd refinery capacity in 2012 makes it the tenth greatest refiner in the world. The country accounted for about 2.2% of the world’s total refinery capability per day during the identical yr. The refinery throughput of the nation averaged at 1.79Mbd in 2012. Canada holds the third biggest confirmed oil reserves on this planet and is the sixth greatest nymex crude oil expiry oil producing nation. Canada is a net exporter of oil and the US accounts for more than 95% of Canada’s oil exports.
Canada had 17 operational refineries at the tip of 2012. Ontario, Alberta, and Quebec account for greater than 60% of the country’s refinery capability. Imperial Oil is the most important refinery operator in the nation. Suncor, Irving Oil, Valero, Shell and Husky are amongst the opposite main refiners working within the nation. The Irving oil refinery located in Saint John, New Brunswick, has a capacity of more than 300,000 barrels per day and is the largest oil refinery in Canada.