natural gas fracking, new energy source grain of sand,Selected new petroleum refining processes and equipment. ,

Kaduna Refining And Petrochemical Company (KRPC)

hydrochloric acidKRPC will transit from a price heart to revenue heart.

Perform complete capability growth programme centered on performance management.
Stimulate upgrading and Rehabilitation of the Refineries.

Consistent with NNPC transformation journey, KRPC just isn’t solely concerned about home state of affairs but in addition to be a serious international player. This will likely be achieved through technological updates and re-engineering.

The structure in Fig. I show the Managing Director as the Chief Executive and under him are the 2 Executive Administrators in-charge of Companies and Operations Divisions. Within every division are numerous Departments, Sections and Items.

Quality Coverage
PERSPECTIVE

REFINERY Venture Choice
The decision to assemble the third Nigerian Nationwide Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) refinery in Kaduna was taken in 1974 together with that of the second NNPC refinery located at Warri. However, it was decided that work would commence on the development of the third refinery whenever the projection of the consumption of petroleum merchandise justifies it.

By early 1975, in view of the fuel shortages skilled then, the Federal Authorities determined that work on the third refinery must be advanced. It was envisaged that the refinery was to be a easy hydro skimming type refinery in order to satisfy up with the gasoline demand then.

Based mostly on the feasibility research carried out, which took into consideration the consumption of the assorted petroleum merchandise within the Northern Zone, and adequate technique of disposal for the surplus merchandise, a Refinery with crude oil capacity of forty two,000 barrels per stream day (BPSD) may very well be easily justified. Therefore, the refinery was designed for a capability of 60,000 BPSD. It was much later that the Federal Authorities determined that the capability for any refinery in Nigeria shouldn’t be below 100,000 BPSD. Nonetheless, this might have led to the production of massive quantity of heavy ends. And one practical and viable answer is reprocessing the heavy gasoline oils.

In order to do that, the entire mission plans needed to be modified so that what initially was planned to be merely a hydro skimming kind refinery, developed into an integrated refinery. The refinery would now be ready to provide a wider variety of petroleum products, some of which needs to be lubricating base oils. Hence, it became necessary to import suitable paraffinic primarily based crude oil from Venezuela, Kuwait new energy source grain of sand or Saudi Arabia.

Products from the Refinery embrace; Fuels for use as Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), Premium Motor Spirit (PMS), Automotive Gas Oil (In the past) or Diesel oil, new energy source grain of sand Kerosene, Fuel Oil, Sulphur and those from the lubricating oils advanced are Base Oils, Asphalt (Bitumen) and Waxes.

The lubricating oil advanced of Kaduna Refinery is the primary of its type in West Africa and one in every of the biggest in Africa. The consulting agency, KING WILKINSON of Hague, Holland, along side NNPC engineers, developed the plan for the refinery. The contract for building was awarded to CHIYODA CHEMICAL ENGINEERING & Construction Company OF YOKOHAMA, Japan in 1977.

The Refinery undertaking was completed and the Fuels Plant was commissioned in 1980. Nevertheless the Lubes Plant was commissioned in 1983 and Petrochemical Plant a lot later in 1988. The preliminary operation and upkeep was carried out by Nigerian Staff and expatriate personnel as technical back up. By 1985, Nigerian staff had just about taken over all the maintenance and operations.

SITE LOCATION
From the results of an in depth market analysis carried out on the petroleum merchandise demand pattern throughout the whole country, the northern zone confirmed an growing demand sample. Through analysis, it turned obvious that it will value less to transport the crude oil by pipeline than it could to transport the refined products to rising Northern markets by rail or road. This issue contributed significantly to the choice to assemble the third refinery. Kaduna proved to be a central location for distributing petroleum merchandise to depots in the northern zone, as the Warri and Port Harcourt refineries proved for the provision of petroleum merchandise to depots in the southern and middle belt zones.

PLOT PLAN
Kaduna Refinery occupies an space of 2.89 Sq. Kilometers. The plot plan is designed with security and ease of upkeep in mind. The design also makes an attempt to reduce working costs. While it is necessary to minimize pipe size to facilitate quick delivery of products from one course of unit to another, it is nonetheless not advisable to transport extremely viscous fluid over long distances. To achieve this, intermediate tanks are positioned close to the assorted process models in the plot plan thus utilizing minimal length of pipe, which, to a big extent reduce value of piping.

OUR Business
KRPC Restricted is within the business of refining crude oil into top quality petroleum products and the manufacturing of petrochemical and packaging products to the satisfaction of her prospects

The refinery was designed to process each imported paraffinic and Nigerian crude oils into fuels and lubes products and was constructed by Chiyoda Chemical Engineering and Building Company (now Chiyoda Corporation) of Japan. In December 1986, the design capacity of the fuels plants of the Refinery was efficiently increased from 50,000 BPSD to 60,000 BPSD, bringing the whole refinery put in capability to 110,000 BPSD.

In March 1988, the 30,000 MT/Yr. Linear Alkyl Benzene Plant underneath the then PETROCHEMICAL Sector of NNPC was commissioned. The Plant is designed to derive its total raw supplies including utility supplies from the Refinery.

In 1988, it was decided that the 2 plants should merge into a single subsidiary company of NNPC in view of their interdependence, widespread goal and proximity. The corporate thus formed is the Kaduna Refining and Petrochemical Firm Restricted (KRPC).

OPERATIONS DIVISION
Course of PLANTS & OIL Movement Units

KRPC’s operation is extremely dependent on satisfactory supply of water and energy for these utilities. Water is obtained from Kaduna River on the Uncooked Water Intake facilities located at about 13 kilometers from KRPC installations. The water is chemically handled to fulfill quality specifications for the various process items and steam era.

FUELS Process PLANT:
The Fuels Plant of KRPC is designed to course of Nigerian crude oils in the No.1 Crude Atmospheric and Vacuum distillation Models (CDU 1) while the rest of the Fuels part is designed to process a mixture of mild and medium fractions from the home crude in addition to from the imported crude oil used in the Lubes Plant. Products from the Fuels Plant are: Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG), Premium Motors Spirit (PMS), Dual Purpose Kerosene (DPK) for household and aviation utilization, Fuel Oils, Gas Oils and Sulphur Flakes.

LUBES Process PLANT:
The Lubes Plant, encompass eight (8) units as shown within the diagram beneath has the capacity to course of 50,000 BPSD of imported crude oil into Lube base oils, Asphalt and waxes. Sulphur can also be produced from the off gases derived from the imported crude. The Lubes Plant is designed to course of heavy crude oil from Kuwait, Venezuela (Lagomar), Saudi Arabia (Arabian Gentle Crude) or Russian (Urals).

The Arabian Light crude oil is currently being processed, the change over from the Lagomar crude, processed since plant inception, to Arabian Gentle crude was in October, 1988 to resolve the bottom of the barrel drawback.

THE LINEAR ALKYL BENZENE (LAB) Course of PLANT:
The Linear Alkyl Benzene course of used in KRPC Petrochemical Plant is licensed from Universal Oil Merchandise (UOP) of Des Plaines, Illinois, USA.

The plant has a capability to provide 30,000 metric tons of Linear Alkyl Benzene a yr, enabling Nigeria to considerably scale back import of this product for the native manufacture of detergents.

The plant contains of 5 course of units particularly: Kerosene Hydrosulphurisation, Molex, Thermal Hydrodealkylation (THDA), Paraffin Conversion to Olefins (PACOL) and Detergent Alkylate items.

Commissioned in March 1989, the plant was designed to provide 30,000 metric tons/yr of Linear Alkyl Benzene from Kerosene and Reformate feedstock from the Fuels plant

Completed Products FROM THE REFINING & PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS
PREMIUM MOTOR SPIRIT (PMS)
KEROSINE (AVIATION AND Domestic)
LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM Gasoline (LPG)
AUTOMOTIVE Gasoline OIL (In the past-DIESEL)
LOW POUR Gas OIL (LPFO)
High POUR Gasoline OIL (HPFO)
LUBE BASE OILS
HYDRO-Finished WAX
ASPHALT
LINEAR ALKYL BENZENE
BENZENE
HEAVY ALKYLATE
KERO SOLVENT
Normal PARAFFINS
TOLUENE
AROMATIC SOLVENT
HEAVY new energy source grain of sand PARAFFINS
SULPHUR FLAKES

No.
Product

Manufacturing Price
Power PLANT & UTILTIES Provide

    Electrical Power, steam of varied pressures and temperatures, compressed air, nitrogen for smooth and steady operation of the process plants and PPU.
    Various grades of water including portable water and

three. Treatment of the Refinery and Petrochemical effluents to the statutory high quality specifications.
The Plant has five (5) steam generating sets or boilers. Every boiler has a design capability of a hundred and twenty tons/hr. of steam. The installed capacity is 600 tons/hr. Design Stress/Temperature is 46kg/cm at 412oC. There are four (4) 14MW/hr. Steam Turbines with complete capacity of 56mw/hr.