Nigerian Researcher Builds World’s First Modular Refinery
Godwin Joseph Igwe, a professor of chemical engineering and pioneer director of Centre for Fuel, Refining and Petrochemicals, Institute of Petroleum Research (CGRP/IPS), College of Port Harcourt, has efficiently put in and operating what he described as the world’s first modular refinery.
Igwe, the Nigeria Liquefied Natural Gasoline (NLNG) chair of Gasoline Processing Engineering, World Financial institution McNamara Fellow (USA), and Alexander-von-Humboldt Fellow (Germany), says modular refineries are the solution to Nigeria’s perennial gasoline scarcity, because of fixed supply glitches.
In keeping with Igwe, who can also be the president/CEO of Expertise Transfers Inc. Newark, USA, his modular refinery is the just one, not solely in Nigeria, in Africa, but the entire world; saying that it “demonstrates that nations can rise by harnessing their citizen’s intellectual capacity and potentiality to attain greatness on the earth to develop into global leaders.”
In an unique interview with BusinessDay from his CGRP/IPS base on the College of Port Harcourt, he stated, “I am very happy with my achievements here. In 2011, I used to be invited from the USA to Nigeria by the 7th Vice Chancellor of the College of Port Harcourt, to assist in establishing a refining and petrochemical centre. I achieved this as pioneer Director of the Centre for Fuel, Refining & Petrochemicals (CGRP). The task has been accomplished, and the Centre is self-sustaining, and has been creating value for the last four years.”
The professor of Chemical Engineering informed that his next project was accidental and transformative; adding that “we had been funded by a benevolent Nigerian corporation to ascertain a constructing infrastructure and a laboratory, in addition to putting in a pilot modular refinery. Within a space of 6 – 12 months, I set up a two-storey building infrastructure with offices, lecture halls, auditorium, and laboratories.”
He stated: “I ordered and put in a pilot modular refinery (for teaching, training, research and training) (not for commercial functions), and the petroleum merchandise created from this innovative effort are documented and demonstrated in a doc for all to see. Now, if an individual might accomplish this within 6-12 months, think about what the government could obtain with its vast assets ”
Igwe, whose Centre for Gas, Refining and Petrochemicals, Institute of Petroleum Research has successfully organized four worldwide conferences in Port Harcourt, on discovering options to Nigeria’s oil and fuel trade issues and maximizing the vast natural gas price index opportunities to benefit the country’s bigger inhabitants, insisted that modular refinery mannequin is the blueprint that should be scaled up because it’s reproducible.
He disagreed with recent notions being canvassed by some specialists natural gas price index that modular refineries had been value destroying and may never be worthwhile as a result of a barrel of gas oil is worth lower than a barrel of crude oil; vulnerable to restricted capacity utilization that they don’t seem to be ready to supply sufficient petrol to fulfill native demand, among others.
To all this, Igwe stated: “Any project involving a modular refinery should carefully consider the goal market demand and required product slate. This has to be a part of the initial mission analysis and design of the modular refinery. The alternative value of the crude oil is export. Historically the value of refined products is at all times higher than the crude oil itself.”
He also insisted that “there is no inherent cause that a modular refinery should have limited capacity utilization. The capacity utilisation can be defined by the standard of the tools constructed, the training of the working personnel, the training of the maintenance personnel and the dedication to keep up the amenities, and supply of the crude oil and different site utilities. This all starts with the design of the challenge and a robust understanding of the properties of the crude oil.”
The UniPort Chemical Engineering professor therefore, advised that “we (should) encourage self-reliance and diversification to maximize our production of petroleum products by way of modular refineries. We need extra doers, not talkers, extra arms-on professionals, extra manufacturers than consumers. We’ve been able to ignite curiosity by creating progressive methods to carry consciousness via modular refineries to finish gas scarcity in Nigeria.”
He equally known as on the Federal Government to fund and put money into modular refineries using the N3.Three trillion unremitted sum from NNPC and other businesses; the $20 billion accusation by former CBN governor; the lacking N500 billion Positive-P claims for oil subsidy; $5.74 billion crude oil revenue as a result of NNPC’s shady offers with entrepreneurs; N847.Ninety four million NNPC paid itself; $1.1 billion round-tripping involving Federal Government and two international oil corporations; the Farouk Lawan-led House Ad-hoc committee unaccounted $6.8 billion oil revenue; the $32 billion oil income lost to NNPC’s mismanagement of domestic crude allocation; how NNPC discretionary spending from domestic crude oil sale revenue skyrocketed, exceeding $6 billion a year for the 2011 to 2013 interval; income between 2004 and 2014 from gross sales of Okono crude with volumes of over one hundred million barrels, with an estimated value of $12.Three billion not forwarded to treasury.
“We can fund the 25 at the moment licensed private hydrocarbon processing plants permitted by DPR, and extra, with these huge sums in all the 36 states. It’s reassuring to notice that the $1 million in the current pointers for establishment of refineries in Nigeria is now not a requirement, and that the licenses of all private refineries, each typical and modular, could be legitimate till 2017. Assure of crude oil feedstock supply should also be thought-about and authorised,” Igwe mentioned.