There Are fifty eight Large Hydropower Stations
China’s heavy trade contains the energy, iron and steel, machinery and chemical industries. In 1999, the added value produced by heavy business in state-owned enterprises and industrial enterprises above a certain scale amounted to 1,161.7 billion yuan. Amongst coal, petroleum and electric energy, coal is the key energy source. Refinery Massive coalfields include Datong in Shanxi, Kailuan in Hebei, Pingdingshan in Henan, Huaibei in Anhui, Yanzhou in Shandong, Xuzhou in Jiangsu, Jixi in Heilongjiang, and Tiefa in Liaoning-sixteen in all. In recent times, along with the restructuring of the industrial system, the economic growth in coal enterprises has mirrored their change to the intensive sort; at the same time diversified operations have developed quickly. Now, key coal mines in China have arrange 17,000 diversified-operation enterprises, the output value of which exceeds half of the total coal output worth.
The petroleum trade is distributed primarily within the Daqing Oilfield in Heilongjiang and Liaohe Oilfield in Liaoning, Shengli Oilfield in Shandong, Huabei Oilfield in Hebei and Dagang Oilfield in Tianjin. Lately, three basins rich in oil deposits have been discovered in Tarim, Turpan-Hami, and Junggar basins. Along with many large onshore oil and natural gasoline operations, a number of offshore operations are continuing in the Bohai Sea, and the east and west of the South China Sea.
Two newly-organized teams-the China Petroleum and Pure Fuel Group and the China Petrochemicals Group-are the most important teams of their sort. The latter, whose enterprise income in 1996 was 38.9 billion US dollars, ranks 62nd amongst the five hundred strongest conglomerates on the earth.
China’s power natural gas pipe chart business, together with thermal, hydro natural gas pipe chart and nuclear power, has developed quickly. Within the nineties, China’s installed capacity developed from 100 million kw to 200 million kw, and its generated power and installed capacity both ranked second on the planet. There are fifty eight massive hydropower stations, which have been accomplished or are underneath construction in China, and 19 of them have more than one million kw of put in capacity every. The Ertan, Xiaolangdi and Yangtze River Three-Gorge hydropower stations, the Lianyungang and Ling’ao nuclear energy engineering tasks are underneath construction. The Qinshan Nuclear Power Station in Zhejiang and Dayawan Nuclear Energy Station in Guangdong have been accomplished. The ability grids of the country now cowl all of the cities and most of its rural areas.
Giant iron and steel enterprises are distributed in Anshan, Taiyuan, Baotou, Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Wuhan and Panzhihua. China at current has 24 iron and steel enterprises which produce a million tons or extra of steel annually every, among them, the Shanghai Baoshan Iron and Steel Group being newly organized. Some large iron and steel enterprises use superior applied sciences and have improved their gear to produce various varieties of excessive-class steel, reminiscent of chilly-rolled steel plates, chilly-rolled silicon steel sheets, zinc-plated steel plates and steel pipes. At present, China has the capability to provide 1,400 kinds of natural gas pipe chart steel to more than 20,000 specifications. In addition, China’s self-sufficiency in rolled steel has reached ninety percent.
China’s machine-building business manufactures farm machinery, engineering machinery, devices and meters, common equipment, heavy mining equipment, machine instruments, electrical engineering tools, bearings, grasp tools, food-packing machinery and vehicles. By way of the introduction, digestion and absorption of high expertise, numerous high-know-how industries representing right this moment’s advanced industrial development level have developed rapidly and formed preliminary production scales. For example, within the car business, the Changchun First Automobile Group and Shanghai Car Trade Group have introduced technologies from Germany’s Volkswagen Firm to manufacture sedans. The machine-building trade is capable of providing other industries with complete sets of high-degree equipment, together with giant blast furnaces, massive steady slab and billet casters, electricity generators, coal mining equipment, petroleum prospecting gear, oil drills, oil-refining plants, chemical plants, float-glass production lines and different complete units of equipment. China’s mechanical and electrical products, which have turn out to be pillars of China’s export commerce, generated 77 billion US dollars in international exchange in 1999.
China’s chemical trade consists of chemical extraction, and production of fertilizers, pesticides, basic inorganic raw materials, fundamental organic uncooked materials, synthetic fiber monomers, artificial rubber, photosensitive supplies, rubber merchandise, plastic merchandise, petrochemicals, chemicals for household use and pharmaceuticals-more than 40,000 varieties in all. Now China is among world leaders when it comes to the output of greater than 10 kinds of chemicals, akin to synthetic ammonia, chemical fertilizers, sulphuric acid, soda ash and rubber tyres. Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin, Dalian and Shenyang are China’s most necessary chemical business bases. China is self-ample in chemical products, and exports such merchandise to greater than 100 nations and regions.