ExxonMobil is an American based mostly company that’s immediately descended from John D. Rockefeller’s Normal Oil. Exxon and Mobil merged in 1999 to create ExxonMobil which is centered in Irving, Texas. Ranked at both No. 1 or No. 2 for the past five years, it’s one among the most important publicly traded firms by market capitalization. When evaluated for market income, it’s 2nd in the world making it a real big in the energy industry general. With 37 oil refineries and over 83,000 employees, ExxonMobil is the largest refiner at present in operation. It sells its merchandise under the manufacturers of Exxon, Mobil, and Esso which have lengthy been known for quality and customer support. Of the six oil supermajors, ExxonMobil is indisputably the biggest and produces over 3.9 barrels of oil equivalent every single day.

Anandarko Petroleum
Anandarko Petroleum is an unbiased oil and natural gasoline exploration and production company that’s among the many world’s largest. It began its life cycle in 1959 as a subsidiary of Panhandle Japanese Corporation in response to the big quantities of natural fuel that had been being found within the Anandarko Basin. Anandarko Petroleum finally break up from its father or mother company in 1986 and at present operates in over a dozen totally different international locations although its U.S. onshore operations account for 60% of its reserves. Its reserves of oil equal are roughly 2.3 billion barrels with 206 billion barrels of oil equivalent being produced every year as of 2008. With its headquarters positioned in the Woodlands, Texas, Anandarko employs over four,seven-hundred folks in both its domestic and international operations. With reference to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill, BP billed Anandarko $272 million for its share of the cleanup as they had been partners in the operation. Nonetheless, this invoice could be thought-about voided if the spill was brought on by gross negligence or willful misconduct on the behalf of BP.

Apache
Apache is an independent oil and gas firm that is at present headquartered in Houston, Texas and operates each domestically and internationally. It was initially created in 1954 by three males in Minnesota and drilled its first wells in Oklahoma’s Cushing subject. Its headquarters was moved from Minneapolis to Denver in 1987 and eventually from Denver to Houston in 1992. Although it is predicated in the United States, there are regional workplaces and operations in Canada, Australia, Argentina, the North Sea, and Egypt. With over four,400 staff and $12 billion in revenues for 2010, Apache is traded via the new York Stock Exchange as a public company and is a key player on the S&P 500. This makes it a direct competitor with companies like Anadarko however not larger corporations like Chevron.

Chevron
Chevron is an American firm that’s concerned in each side of the oil, gasoline, and geothermal power industries. It operates in greater than 180 nations and has its headquarters in San Ramon, California. As one of the world’s six supermajor oil companies, it has been ranked amongst Fortune 500’s five largest corporations for the past five years. Chevron is presently ranked 4th after Apple, ExxonMobile, and Walmart. In 2011, Forbes Global 2000 ranked it because the 16th largest public company on the earth. It employes over 62,000 individuals and sells its products below a variety of brand names. It sells its fuels beneath the manufacturers Chevron, Normal Oil, Texaco, and Caltex. Chevron also handles the upstream enterprise of Unocal, whose pumps are owned by ConocoPhillips. Along with its fuels, it also operates Star Mart, Further Mile, Redwood Market, and City Pantry comfort shops. Chevron also markets Techron as an essential additive of their gas.

ConocoPhillips
ConocoPhillips is another multinational oil company that is predicated in the United States. In 2002, Conoco Inc. and Phillips Petroleum Firm merged to kind ConocoPhillips. It is a Fortune 500 firm that is traded as a element of the S&P 500 and is ranked 22nd on Forbes Global 2000. With its headquarters based mostly in Houston, Texas, ConocoPhillips is the fifth largest private power company in the world. In North America, it sells oil underneath the manufacturers of Conoco, Phillips 66, and Union 76, while selling underneath the identify of Jet in Europe. It operates in nearly 40 completely different countries all all over the world, employing 29,000 people in complete. With 19 refineries currently beneath its possession, ConocoPhillips is the world’s fourth largest non-authorities controlled refiner overall.

Devon Vitality
Devon Power, based in 1971, is one of the largest impartial United States primarily based producers of oil and natural fuel with its headquarters in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The corporate mainly focuses on their North American onshore exploration and production operations. Devon owns and operates each pure fuel pipelines and therapy facilities in most of its areas of production. This makes it considered one of North America’s largest processors of natural gas and likewise considered one of Fortune 500’s largest companies in America. It is also included as a part of the S&P 500 Index. With more than 5,000 staff worldwide, Devon is also ranked as one in every of Fortune’s 100 Finest Firms to Work For and Most Admired Corporations. It positive factors these titles partially by the use of its in depth neighborhood outreach programs by which it contributes resources to all the things from legislation enforcement companies and hearth departments to youth applications and colleges.

Greka Power
Greka Power can be currently known as HVI Cat Canyon. It is a United States primarily based personal oil and pure gas firm that operates primarily in California’s Santa Barbara county. It was created in 1999 after the acquisition of several mergers bought by its mum or dad firm, Greka Integrated. Its oldest element, Saba Enterprises, was established in 1981. With approximately 200 staff, its petroleum extraction and asphalt processing operations made Greka the biggest onshore oil operator in Santa Barbara County. In China, Greka owns and operates Inexperienced Dragon Gasoline which is a publicly traded firm on the London Inventory Change. Although owned by the same folks, these two firms are completely separate legal entities. Until 2003, the corporate was traded on the NASDAQ however then its owner, Randeep Grewal, bought out all of the prevailing shares at a 69% premium and made it into a personal power firm.

Hess Company
Hess is a brand new York Metropolis based mostly integrated oil company that began its life in 1919 as Ameranda Company. British oil entrepreneur Lord Cowdray formed it to start exploring for oil in North America. Following several main acquisitions, it finally modified its title to Hess Corp. in 2006. By handling the exploration, manufacturing, transportation, and refining stages of oil and natural fuel, Hess avoids additional value by completing the logistical chain necessary for manufacturing. It additionally sells gasoline by way of its Hess branded filling stations in 16 totally different states along the United States’ East Coast. By means of considered one of its subsidiaries’ partnerships with a Venezuelan firm, Hess additionally owns a part of considered one of the most important crude oil refineries on the earth in the United States Virgin Islands. With round eleven,600 workers, Hess might seem tiny when in comparison with a few of its opponents despite its rank of 55 within the 2009 Fortune 500.

Koch Industries
Koch Industries is an American based mostly conglomerate that relies in Wichita, Kansas. Koch firms are involved in the manufacturing, refining, and distribution of petroleum, chemicals, and minerals among many different issues. They are even involved in finance, commodities trading, and real estate. In the United States, Koch Industries employs 50,000 people and another 20,000 in 59 other international locations. In 2011, Forbes ranked Koch Industries because the second largest privately held firm in the United States. When in comparison with publicly held companies in 2007, Koch Industries would have ranked 16th within the Fortune 500. Koch Industries is jointly owned by Charles and David Koch, the sons of one in all the company’s founders Fred Koch. Subsidiaries of Koch Industries embody Georgia-Pacific, a paper and pulp company, Invista, a polymer and fibers company, Koch Pipeline Company LP, an oil and gas pipeline company, Flint Hill Resources LP, a refining and chemicals firm, Koch Fertilizer, LLC, a maker of nitrogen fertilizers, and Koch Agricultural Company’s Matador Cattle Firm, a cattle ranching firm.

Marathon Oil
Marathon Oil is an international oil and pure gas exploration and manufacturing company that relies out of Houston, Texas. Despite many exploration and manufacturing centers in different international locations, it has not too long ago targeted its interests in the United States on shale performs which are liquid-wealthy, such as the Bakken and Eagle Ford formations. Back in 1887, Marathon Oil was began because the Ohio Oil Company earlier than it was bought up by John D. Rockefeller’s Customary Oil two years later. It remained part of Rockefeller’s oil belief till 1911 when the trust was damaged. Later, in 1930 it acquired the Marathon model title and eventually renamed the company to Marathon Oil in 1962. With over 29,500 employees and greater than $77 billion in revenue in 2008, it’s hardly the biggest oil and pure gas firm in the business however is actually bigger than many of its direct rivals.

Murphy Oil
Murphy Oil has been around as an international oil and pure fuel company because it was created in 1944. From its El Dorado, Arkansas headquarters and by way of its many subsidiaries, it operates within the United States, Canada, Malaysia, the United Kingdom, and Republic of the Congo. Murphy Oil employs over 8,600 people, has two oil refineries and two ethanol production amenities in the United States, and a further oil refinery within the United Kingdom. In addition to its refineries, it additionally operates a growing filling station chain at Walmart Super-centers and at certain different stations in the United States. Murphy Oil had over $23 billion in revenue in 2010, making it smaller than lots of the bigger companies in the trade however still larger than many of its direct opponents. To provide back to the community, the El Dorado Promise was launched in 2007. It put aside $50 million so that every scholar graduating from El Dorado’s faculty system could afford to go to college.

Occidental Petroleum
Occidental Petroleum is an oil and pure fuel exploration and manufacturing firm that operates out of their Westwood, California headquarters. It is major operations are in the United States, the Center East, North Africa, and South America. With over 30,000 workers worldwide and a 2010 income of over $19 billion, Occidental is the largest producer of oil in Texas, the most important natural gasoline producer in California, and third largest producer of oil in California. Close to its market capitalization, it is the United States’ fourth largest oil and natural gas firm with operations in eight completely different states. To keep up its standing as one of many fastest rising firms within the business, Occidental places an emphasis on enhanced oil recovery, exploration, and acquisitions. In 2009, it made what is believed to be the most important oil and natural gasoline discovery in California within the last 35 years.

Plains Exploration and Manufacturing
Plains Exploration and Production, created in 2002, is a spin-off from Plains Assets. It is an American petroleum firm that relies out of their Houston, Texas headquarters. It operates in California, Wyoming, Louisiana, Texas, the Gulf of Mexico, and offshore of California. After its release from Plains Resources in 2002, it acquired 3TEC in 2003 for $313 million and Nuevo Power in 2004 for $945 million. This supplied Plains Exploration and Production with varied oil producing assets within the southwest to praise the exploratory property it retained after its spin off. At the top of 2008, its reported reserves had been 292 million barrels of oil equivalent with a possible total of as much as 2.2 billion barrels. As of 2007, Plains Exploration and Production was the fourth largest producer of oil in California, ranked behind Chevron, Area Energy, and Occidental Petroleum.

SandRidge Power
SandRidge Vitality is an oil and natural gasoline exploration firm that has its headquarters in Oklahoma Metropolis, Oklahoma. It was originally based in 1984 as Riata Power however finally changed its identify in 2006. The corporate focuses primarily on the Mid-Continent and Permian Basin however still maintains its production in West Texas, the Gulf Coast, and the Gulf of Mexico. Its drilling rigs are each owned and operated below the name Lariat Services. In late 2007, SandRidge’s initial public offering was of over 28 million shares of widespread stock at $26 per share. In 2011, a royalty trust called the SandRidge Permian Belief was created to carry oil and pure gas wells that haven’t but been developed in Andrews County, Texas. With over 2,200 workers and a 2010 income of over $1.4 billion, it’s hardly a small firm however often gets overlooked due to the immense dimension of some of its opponents.

XTO Energy
XTO Vitality is a private American energy company and a member of the Fortune 500 that offers primarily with oil and pure gasoline exploration and manufacturing. It was began in 1985 as Cross Timbers Oil Firm and eventually modified its name in 2001. In 2009, it turned the only largest natural gasoline producer following its 2008 acquisition of Hunt Petroleum for $four.2 billion. Later that same year, ExxonMobil acquired XTO as one of its subsidiaries for $31 billion in stock. As ExxonMobil’s subsidiary, the corporate was named XTO Power Included. It is official project as part of its new mum or dad firm is to “concentrate on global growth and manufacturing of unconventional resources.” As of 2008, before its acquisition by ExxonMobil, XTO made over $7.6 billion in revenues and was employing over 2,300 people. Its revenues earned and number of workers have most definitely increased because it was taken over by such a big and profitable firm.

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