PES Philadelphia Refinery
The PES Philadelphia Refining Complicated has been “part of the neighborhood” in South Philadelphia for one hundred fifty years and is intently tied to the growth of the American oil business in the 19th century.
In 1866, f&k petroleum institute one yr after the top of the Civil Battle, Atlantic Petroleum Company established its operations at f&k petroleum institute Level Breeze alongside the Schuylkill River beneath Passyunk Ave. Four warehouses had been built, and people might retailer 50,000 barrels (2.1 million gallons) of refined oil product, principally kerosene used as lamp oil to mild the houses and companies in the growing city. (Keep in mind that the automobile had not yet arrived on the scene, however when it did, it was most likely powered by ethanol.)
Atlantic also built docks and railroad trunk traces to connect with the new refineries in Western Pennsylvania that had been established after oil was found in Titusville, PA, in 1859. Atlantic put in its first petroleum refining units in 1870, changed its identify to Atlantic Refining Firm and soon turned Philadelphia’s largest employer. Right after the turn of the century, Atlantic introduced the primary fractionating tower, which would radically alter and enhance the way in which oil would be refined.
Around 1908, Henry Ford introduced the arrival of the Mannequin T, making it increasingly practical for the “average person” to personal his personal automotive. By 1915, the gasoline being manufactured at Point Breeze was being bought from a gasoline station utilizing a pump. In 1918, “Fighting Red” – a superior-grade aviation gas – was additionally being produced at Point Breeze and utilized by the Allies in World Battle I.
In 1920, Gulf Oil constructed its first terminal at Girard Level, south of the Atlantic refinery and just north of Old Penrose Avenue, which is adjoining to Level Breeze. By 1927, Girard Point was refining as much as 31,000 barrels (1.3 million gallons) a day of gasoline and other merchandise at its not too long ago built facility. By World Struggle II, both refineries have been processing 69,000 barrels a day (2.9 million gallons). The put up-struggle period saw a fantastic increase in the enterprise, in addition to many company modifications.
In 1966, Atlantic Refining Co. and Richfield Oil Co. in California merged to turn out to be ARCO. In 1982, Gulf was bought out by Chevron, and the Girard Point refinery grew to become the Chevron USA Philadelphia refinery.
The year 1985 saw Dutch oil trader, John Deuss, purchase Level Breeze from ARCO, along with 1,000 retail retailers and miles of inland pipeline, and returned to utilizing the “Atlantic” title for its company and shops.
Sunoco, Inc. bought Point Breeze from Deuss in 1988 and Girard Level from Chevron in 1994. In 1995, the 2 amenities had been consolidated into one refinery.
In 2012, Philadelphia Energy Options (PES) was formed on account of a partnership between The Carlyle Group and Sunoco Inc. which is a subsidiary of Vitality Switch Partners, L.P. family of firms. PES separated the mixed refineries into separate business models and now operates as a refining complicated made up of the 2 domestic refineries – Girard Level and Level Breeze – with a mixed processing fee of 335,000 barrels a day (14 million U.S. gallons) of crude oil. It remains the biggest oil refining advanced on the U.S. Japanese seaboard.