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American Petroleum Institute

electric heating jacket reaction kettleThe American Petroleum Institute (API) is the biggest U.S. trade affiliation for the oil and pure fuel trade. It claims to characterize about 650 companies involved in production, refinement, distribution, and plenty of other elements of the petroleum business.

The affiliation describes its mission as to affect public policy in assist of a robust, viable U.S. oil and natural gas industry. API’s chief functions on behalf of the trade embody advocacy, negotiation and lobbying with governmental, authorized, and regulatory companies; research into financial, toxicological, and environmental results; establishment and certification of industry requirements; and education outreach.[2] API each funds and conducts research related to many elements of the petroleum business.[2] The current CEO and president is Jack Gerard.

1 Requirements and certification
2 Educator intervention
3 Public relations, advocacy, and lobbying
four See also
5 References
6 Exterior links

Requirements and certification[edit]
API Standards Committees are made up of subcommittees and process groups that works and maintain these standards. the checklist of Committee and Subcommittee is:[3]

– Committee on Standardization of Oilfield Tools & Materials (CSOEM) – SC2- Subcommittee on Offshore Buildings
– SC5- Subcommittee on Tubular Items
– SC6- Subcommittee on Valves & Wellhead Tools
– SC8- Subcommittee on Drilling Structures & Gear
– SC10- Subcommittee on Properly Cements
– SC11- Subcommittee on Subject Operating Tools
– SC13- Subcommittee on Drill Completion & Fracturing Fluids
– SC15- Subcommittee on Fiberglass & Plastic Tubulars
– SC16- Subcommittee on Drilling Properly Control Tools
– SC17- Subcommittee on Subsea Production Gear
– SC18- Subcommittee on High quality
– SC19- Subcommittee on Completion Tools
– SC20- Subcommittee on Provide Chain Management[4]

– Subcommittee on Corrosion & Materials
– Subcommittee on Electrical Gear
– Subcommittee on Heat Switch Gear
– Subcommittee on Inspection
– Subcommittee on Devices & Management Techniques
– Subcommittee on Mechanical Tools
– Subcommittee on Piping & Valves
– Subcommittee on Pressure-Relieving Methods
– Subcommittee on Aboveground Storage Tanks[5]

– Committee on Evaporation Loss Estimation
– Committee on Gas Fluids Measurement
– Committee on Liquid Measurement
– Committee on Measurement Accountability
– Committee on Measurement Quality
– Committee on Production Measurement & Allocation
– Committee on Measurement Training & Coaching[6]

API additionally defines the industry normal for the power conservation of motor oil. API SN is the most recent specification to which motor oils supposed for spark-ignited engines ought to adhere since 2010. It supersedes API SM.[7]

API additionally defines and drafts standards for measurement for manufactured merchandise reminiscent of:
– Precision thread gauges
– Plain plug and ring gauges
– Thread measuring techniques
– Metrology and industrial supplies
– Measuring instruments
– Customized gauges
– Precision machining and grinding
ISO 17025 registered calibration

API RP 500 and RP 505 classify the places for electrical equipment in hazardous areas. [Eight] [9]
API has entered petroleum business nomenclature in various areas:

API gravity, a measure of the density of petroleum.
API quantity, a unique identifier applied to every petroleum exploration or manufacturing nicely drilled in the United States.
– API unit, a regular measure of natural gamma radiation measured in a borehole.[10]

Educator intervention[edit]
Along with training trade employees and conducting seminars, workshops, and conferences on public policy, API develops and distributes supplies and curricula for schoolchildren and educators. The affiliation also maintains an internet site, Classroom Vitality.[third-social gathering source needed]

Public relations, advocacy, and lobbying[edit]
API spent greater than $three million annually in the course of the interval 2005 to 2009 on lobbying; $3.6 million in 2009.[11] As of 2009, in line with API’s quarterly “Lobbying Report” submitted to the U.S. Senate, the group had 16 lobbyists lobbying Congress.[12] In response to an investigation carried out by the International Business Times, API lobbied the Division of State for all of 2009 on “legislative efforts regarding oil sands” and “Canadian Oil Sands.”[Thirteen]

The American Petroleum Institute also lobbied the State Department each quarter in 2009. In three of 4 quarters, the group listed “legislative efforts concerning oil sands” as one of the areas it was specializing in in its lobbying, and in the ultimate quarter, it listed “Canadian Oil Sands.” Among API’s members are ExxonMobil, which has invested in Canadian oil sands.

API lobbies and organizes its member staff’ attendance at public events to speak the business’s position on issues. A leaked summer 2009 memo from API President Jack Gerard requested its member companies to urge their employees to take part in planned protests (designed to appear independently organized) towards the cap-and-commerce legislation the Home passed that same summer season. “The target of those rallies is to place a human face on the impacts of unsound vitality coverage and to purpose a loud message at [20 completely different] states,” including Florida, Georgia, and Pennsylvania. Gerard went on to guarantee recipients of the memo that API will cowl all organizational prices and dealing with of logistics. In response to the memo, an API spokesman informed media that individuals will be there (at protests) because of their own issues, and that API is just serving to them assemble.[14]

To help fight climate management laws that has been authorised by the U.S. House, API helps the Power Citizens group, which is holding public events.[15][16] API encouraged vitality firm employees to attend one in every of its first Energy Citizen events held in Houston in August 2009, but turned away Texas residents who weren’t employed by the vitality trade. Fast Firm reported that some attendees had no thought of the purpose of the event.[17][18] In December 2009, Mom Jones magazine mentioned API and Power Residents have been promulgating local weather disinformation.[19]

Within the second half of 2008, because the U.S. presidential election neared, API began airing a series of tv advertisements where spokeswoman Brooke Alexander encourages people to visit their fertiliser sowers for sale new webpage, EnergyTomorrow.org.[third-party supply needed]

In January 2012, the American Petroleum Institute launched the voter training marketing campaign – Vote four Power. The campaign says that elevated home power production can create jobs, improve government income, and provide U.S. energy safety. The Vote 4 Vitality campaign doesn’t promote any specific candidate or party, but moderately supplies voters with energy data to equip them to evaluate candidates on the federal and native ranges and make decisions in favor of domestic energy on Election Day. The main parts of the Vote 4 Energy marketing campaign embody the web site – Vote4Energy.org – and social media communities, along with a sequence of commercials and occasions fertiliser sowers for sale across the country. The vote four energy campaign was criticized for presenting misleading arguments about the relationship between oil manufacturing and jobs while ignoring the doubtlessly catastrophic penalties of elevated fossil fuel consumption on the Earth’s climate.[20]

The API efficiently pushed for an finish to a ban on American oil exports on the grounds that the ban elevated demand for Russian and Iranian oil, thereby benefiting the unfriendly regimes in these countries. Critics noted that a lot of its member companies continued to take care of ongoing enterprise in these nations whilst the lobbying campaign was in progress, resulting in accusations of hypocrisy.[21] Moreover, the API’s campaigns have been criticized for advocating insurance policies which might be likely to exacerbate global warming and its related problems.[22] The API has repeatedly funded conservative teams that deny the truth of anthropogenic global warming[23] in spite of the overwhelming scientific consensus that it presents a serious problem for the planet.[24]

It has many entrance groups, together with the NH Vitality Discussion board that in August 2011 hosted a brand new Hampshire occasion for Republican presidential candidate Rick Perry[25][26]

United States Oil and Gasoline Affiliation, previously the Mid-Continent Oil and Fuel Affiliation
^ “Jack N. Gerard – President and Chief Government Officer, American Petroleum Institute – Biography”. Congressional Coalition on Adoption Institute. Archived from the original on August 21, 2009. Retrieved January 20, 2011.
^ a b “About API”. American Petroleum Institute. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
^ “Committee Data”. www.api.org. Retrieved 2016-01-24.
^ “Committee on Standardization of Oilfield Equipment and Materials hydrochloric acid (CSOEM)”. www.api.org. Retrieved 2016-01-24.
^ “API Committee on Refinery Equipment (CRE)”. www.api.org. Retrieved 2016-01-24.
^ “API Committee on Petroleum Measurement (COPM)”. www.api.org. Retrieved 2016-01-24.
^ “Engine Oil Guide” (PDF). American Petroleum Institute. March 2010.
^ API RP 505 Really helpful Follow for Classification of Locations for Electrical Set up at Petroleum Amenities Categorized as Class I, Zone zero, Zone 1 and Zone 2 (2002).
^ API RP 500 Really useful Observe for Classification of Areas for electrical Set up at Petroleum Services Classified as Class I, Division 1 and Division 2.
^ API Unit, Schlumberger Oilfield Glossary, accessed 11 Nov. 2015.
^ “Lobbying: American Petroleum Institute”. Center for Responsive Politics. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
^ “Second Quarter Lobbying Type, 2009, Secretary of the Senate”. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
^ Sirota, David (5 April 2016). “Oil Corporations Donated to Clinton Basis Whereas Lobbying State Department”. International Enterprise Occasions. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
^ Stone, Daniel (August 20, 2009). “The Browning of Grassroots”. Newsweek. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
^ New York Instances, “Oil industry backs protests of emissions bill,” August 19, 2009
^ McNulty, Sheila (August 20, 2009). “The massive oil backlash “. Financial Occasions. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
^ Schwartz, Ariel (August 21, 2009). “American Petroleum Institute Demonstrates Find out how to Screw Up a Grassroots Event”. Quick Company. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
^ Talley, Ian (August 11, 2009). “Lobby Groups to make use of Town Hall Ways to Oppose Local weather Invoice”. The Wall Road Journal.
^ Harkinson, Josh (December 4, 2009). “The Dirty Dozen of Local weather Change Denial”. Mother Jones. Retrieved August 17, 2015. Here is a guide to the dozen loudest components of the local weather disinformation machine…Meet the 12 loudest members of the chorus claiming that world warming is a joke and that CO2 emissions are actually good for you.
^ DaMelle, Brendan. “API’s New ‘Vote 4 Energy’ Ad Marketing campaign Is Thinly Veiled Election 12 months Bullying”. desmogblog.com. DeSmog Weblog. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
^ Horn, Steve. “Huge Oil Argued for U.S. Crude Exports to Fend Off Iran, However First Exporter Vitol Group Also Exported Iran’s Oil”. DeSmog Weblog. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
^ Readfearn, Graham. “What occurred to the lobbyists who tried to reshape the US view of climate change “. theguardian.com. The Guardian. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
^ Dunlap, Riley; Jacques, Peter (2013). “Climate Change Denial Books and Conservative Think Tanks: Exploring the Connection” (PDF). American Behavioral Scientist. 20 (10): 1-33. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
^ Cook, John (2014). “Reply to ‘Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic world warming in the scientific literature: A re-evaluation'”. Energy Policy. Seventy three: 706-708. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2014.06.002. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
^ Johnson, Brad (August 15, 2011). “Rick Perry’s First Cease In New Hampshire Is Funded By Massive Oil”. ThinkProgress. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
^ “Rick Perry stumps Manchester – next cease Iowa”[permanent lifeless hyperlink], New Hampshire Public Radio, 14 August 2011.
External links[edit]

API Website
Organizational Profile – Nationwide Middle for Charitable Statistics (City Institute)
Center for Biological Diversity v Dept of the Interior DC Appellate Resolution stopping offshore Alaska Oil Leases. April 17, 2009
Sourcewatch profile
Heart for Responsive Politics profile
API code list at Piping-Designer.com
“American Petroleum Institute Inner Revenue Service filings”. ProPublica Nonprofit Explorer.