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Oil Refineries in India Extracted crude oil is refined and processed in refineries to produce gentle distillates (motor gasoline, LPG, naphtha), middle distillates such as diesel and kerosene, and heavy ends (fuel and lubricating oils, bitumen, petroleum coke). India has witnessed a spectacular progress in refining sector in the recent previous.

There are 17 refineries in the country-IS in public sector; one in private sector [installed capacity of 112.54 million metric tonnes per annum (MMTPA)]; and one in joint sector. The one refinery within the joint sector is the 9.Sixty nine million tl)nneS capacity Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited (MRPL). The Reliance Petroleum Restricted is the only refinery within the non-public sector. It was commissioned Water Seal System For Pyrolysis throughout 1999-2000. Among the essential refineries are discussed in detail below.

Digboi Refinery It’s India’s oldest-established in 1901-and the first fashionable refinery. Arrange in Assam, it has an installed capacity of 5.20 lakh tonnes. It is fed crude oil from the Moran and Naharkatiya fields to cater to the necessities of north-east states.

Noonmati Refinery Situated in Noonmati (close to Gauhati) is that this refinery owned by the Indian Oil Corporation. It began manufacturing in 1962 with a capacity of eight.8 lakh tonnes. It refines and processes crude from the Moran and Naharkatiya oilfields.
Visakhapatnam Refinery Started in 1957 to course of imported crude, its installed capability is 15.5 lakh tonnes. It’s owned by Hindustan Petroleum.

Barauni Refinery Located near Patna, the Barauni refinery owned by the Indian Oil was set up in collaboration with the USSR. It began production in 1964 and has a refining capacity of 33 lakh tonnes. It receives crude from oilfields in Assam.

Koyali Refinery Commissioned in 1965 with Soviet help, it refines and processes crude oil from Ankaleshwar oilfields and others in northern Gujarat. This refinery close to Vadodara is owned by the Indian Oil Corporation. Its capability has seen a drastic bar w petroleum rise-from 20 lakh tonnes at the time of installation to more than 50 lakh tonnes.

Haldia Refinery The Indian Oil-owned refinery close to Calcutta was set up with Romanian and French assist and it began manufacturing in early 1975. It has a capability of 25 lakh tonnes.

Bongaigaon Refinery The refinery and petrochemical institution was arrange in 1978 west of Gauhati with a capacity of 10 lakh tonnes.

Mathura Refineni The refinery has a refining capacity of 60 lakh bar w petroleum tonnes. It caters to the calls for of north-western India by utilising crude from Bombay Excessive in addition to imported crude. It is owned by the Indian Oil Company.

The Trombay Refineries The refinery owned by Hindustan Petroleum Company was commissioned in 1954 and the other owned by Bharat Petroleum Corpora­tion began manufacturing in 1955. The latter, with a capability of fifty two.5 lakh tonnes, is fed imported-primarily, Iranian­crude and oil from the Ankleshwar fields.

Cochin Refinery Arrange in 1966 by the Indian Govern­ment in collaboration with the American Phillips Petroleum Company, the refinery processing imported crude has increased its refining capability from the preliminary 25 lakh tonnes to about 33 lakh tonnes.

Madras Refinery The Indian Government collaborated with the National Iranian Oil Firm and the American AMOCO to set up this complex which began manufacturing in 1969. It has a refining capacity of 28 lakh tonnes. The subtle refinery was the first to yield superior lubri­cating oils and elemental sulphur.